The Patriots Daily Bites of American History:The Protestant Reformation Series 30, Volume 5: First Attempt of English Colonization #5





The Patriots Daily Bites of American History, The Protestant Reformation Series 30, Volume 5
 Raleigh’s Heart Land. 

 First Attempt of English Colonization: 

The first attempt to found a colony in Raleigh’s Heart Land was made by Sir Humphrey Gilbert and his half brother Sir Walter Raleigh. Gilbert was one of those who searched for the North West Passage to the Pacific Ocean. Gilbert had the first English Charter for American colonization and he tried to found a colony in Newfoundland in 1583. (His brother Walter Raleigh was only 31 years old at that time) Gilbert’s little ship was lost trying to return to England. Sir Walter Raleigh did more than any one man trying to colonize English America. Raleigh was born in 1552 at Hayes Barton in South Devon. 

He descended from an old Devonshire family. He attended Oriel College in Oxford, fought for the Huguenots in France and engaged in privateering ventures against the Spanish. Raleigh’s heart’s desire was to conquer the New World for England and prevent the Spanish from settling in the New Land. As we mentioned before, Raleigh was a soldier, Statesman, writer and an explorer. He was an active member of the House of Commons during the last half of Queen Elizabeth’s reign. 

According to an old legend he gained the Queen’s favor by spreading his cloak over a muddy spot so that the Queen could walk across. In 1584 Raleigh was Knighted and crowned Captain of the Guards and given a charter to settle the East Coast of America for England. He was pronounced governor of any colony they settled providing they kept the same political and religious (so called) privileges they kept in England. 

He first sent two ships to Roanoke Island, off the coast, which is now North Carolina. When they landed the men were hospitably entertained by the Indians. According to the American History High School textbook by Montgomery 1900, they were called “Real Men.”
(to be continued)
To be Continued in the Next Daily Bites of History Series
In case You Missed our American History Series  On (American Revolution )
 The Great Awakening

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