Daily Bites of the Constitution :2

By Pearl Leona Sturgis

Post # 2

Daily Bites of the Constitution of the United States

THURSDAY, JANUARY 7, 2016  Reads From the Constitution in the Department of State's: 

We the People of the United States in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity do ordain and establish this Constitution of the United States of America. Article 1 legislative department: Section 1” Congress legislative powers vested: All legislative powers herein granted (by the people) shall be vested in a congress of the United States which shall consist of a senate and a house of representatives (for the people)

Article 1 Section 2: 

House of representatives, composition, term, elections shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states and the electors of each state shall have the qualifications requisite of the most numerous branch of the state legislation. Qualifications: No person shall be a representative who shall not have attained to the age of 25 years and who shall not be an inhabitant of the state which he is elected to represent. Apportionment of the representatives (for the people) and direct taxes: Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within the union according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons including those bound to service for a term of years.(excluding indians not taxed) Three fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of representatives shall not succeed one for every 30,000 but each state shall have at least one representative (for the people) and until such enumeration shall be made the state of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose 3. Massachussetts 8, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations 1, Connecticut 5, New York 6, new Jersey 4, Pennsylvania 8, Delaware 1, Maryland 6, Virginia 10, North Carolina 5, South Carolina 5 and Georgia 3 Filling Vacancies: When vacancies happen to the representatives (for the people) from any state the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.
Impeachment: The house of representatives shall choose their speaker and other officers and shall have the sole power of impeachment. (modified by the 10th and 14th amendment)

Article 1 Section 3: 

Senate...Composition; Term: the Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each state chosen by the legislature for six years only. Each senator shall have one vote. Classification: Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. the senators seats of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year and the second class at the expiration of the fourth year and the third class at the expiration of the sixth year... so that one third of the senators may be chosen (by the people) every two years. If vacancies happen by resignation or other wise during the recess of legislature of any state the executive thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature which shall then fill the vacancies. Qualifications: No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years and have not been a citizen of the United States for nine years...and who shall not when elected be an inhabitant of the state for which he has been chosen (by the people) to serve.
President of the senate: The vice president of United States shall be president of the senate but shall have no vote unless the votes are equally divided. The senate shall choose all other officers and president in absence of the vice president. Impeachments: The senate shall have sole power to try all impeachments. When setting for that purpose they shall be on an oath of affirmation. when the President of the United States is tried the Chief Justice shall preside. No person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present. Judgement in case of conviction: Judgement in case of conviction shall not extend further than removal from office and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the United States but the party convicted shall never the less be subject to indictment to trial, judgement and liable for punishment according to law.

Article 1 Section 4: 

Both Houses: Regulations for elections: The time, places and manner of holding elections for senators and representatives shall be prescribed in each state by the legislature thereof. But the congress may by law altar regulations except in the place of choosing senators. The Congress must meet once in every year unless they shall by law appoint different days.
Article 1 Section 5:

 The house separately: Admission of members: Quorum: Each House shall be the judge of its elections, returns and qualifications of its own members and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members in such manner and under such penalties as each house may provide. Rules of Proceeding: Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings; punish its members for disorderly behavior and with the concurrence of two thirds expel a member. Journal: Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings and from time to time publish the same excepting such parts which may in their judgment require secrecy; the yays and nays of the members of either house on any question shall at the desire of one fifth of those present be entered on the journal. Adjournment: Neither house during the session of congress shall without the consent of the other adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting.

Article 1 Section 6:

 Privileges and disabilities of government members: Pay and privileges: the senators and representatives shall receive compensations for their services to be ascertained by law and paid out of the treasury of the United States. they shall in all cases except treason, felony and breach of peace be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respected houses and in going to and returning from the same and they shall not be questioned in any other place for speech or debate. Holding other offices is prohibited: No senator or representative shall during the time in which he was elected be appointed to any other civil office under the authority of the United States which shall have been created of the emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time and no person holding any office under the United States shall be a member of either house during his continuance in office.

Article 1 Section 7: 

Methods of making laws: Revenue Bills: All bills for making revenue shall originate in the house of representatives but the senate may propose or concur with amendments as on other bills. How Bills become laws: Every bill which shall have passed the house of representatives and the senate shall before it becomes a law be presented to the president of the United States. If he approves he shall sign it but if not he shall return it with his objections to the house in which his objection has originated who shall enter the objection in the journal and begin to reconsider it; If after consideration two thirds of the house agree to pass the bill it shall be sent together with the objections to the house of the senate by which it shall likewise be reconsidered; if it is also approved by two thirds of the house of the senate it shall then become a law. In all such cases the votes determined shall be done by yays and nays. The names of the persons voting for or against the bill shall be entered into the journal of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the president within ten days (Sundays excluded) after it shall be presented to him, the same shall become law in like manner as if he had signed it unless the congress by adjournment prevents its return. in which case it shall not be a law. The President’s Veto powers: Approval or disapproval: Every order, resolution or vote to which the concurrence of the senate and house of representatives may be necessary (except on the question of adjournment) shall be presented to the president of the United States and before the same shall take effect shall be approved by him or being disapproved by him shall be repassed by two thirds of the senate and house of representatives according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of the bill

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