PEARL LEONA STURGIS·FRIDAY, Febuary 19, 2016
The Patriots Daily Bites of American History Series # 12
Why Thomas Paine's Common Sense Is Important:
Gregory Dixon US History textbook 1956
Up to 1776 the Americans had been fighting to protect their rights as British Subjects.
Even General George Washington said, “When I first took command of the Continental Army I abhorred the idea of independence.” but in January of 1776 the king’s Proclamation reached congress. In it he called for troops to put down the rebellion in America. That was the only answer he gave in return for their humble petitions for justice. Congress now saw that there was no hope of reconciliation. the very day the Proclamation came from the king there was a pamphlet published in Philadelphia.
It was called “Common Sense” and the writer withheld his name but he boldly said that the time had come for a separation from England and that arms (weapons) must decide the contest. The pamphlet sold by tens of thousands because it gave voice to what tens of thousands were thinking. The English people would not volunteer to fight the Americans and the king had to lure 30,000 German mercenaries to do the work. The knowledge of that fact cut the last ties that held America bound to their Mother Country.
The Americans had not sought separation. The king, not the English people, had forced it on them. There was no choice left. The Declaration of Independence: In June of 1776 Richard Henry Lee of Virginia offered the resolution in congress. “RESOLVED THAT THESE UNITED COLONIES ARE AND OF RIGHT OUGHT TO BE FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES!” John Adams of Massachusetts seconded the Resolution. A committee of five, Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, John Adams of Massachusetts, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, Roger Sherman of Connecticut, and Robert Livingston of New York were chosen to draw up a Declaration embodying that resolution. Thomas Jefferson did the work.
On the fourth of July 1776, John Hancock, president of congress. signed the Declaration of American Independence in that bold and decided hand which the King of England could read without spectacles. (eye glasses) Then the patriots of Philadelphia and the Liberty Bell in the Old State House till it nearly cracked with the joyous peal.
In New York City the people pulled down a gold statue of the king and melted it into bullets. Later the representatives of the colonies added their names to the Declaration. When that was completed the thirteen British Colonies ceased to exist! IN THEIR PLACE STOOD A NATION, THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA!
(to be continued)
The war of Independence.
The War Begins:
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